Today, the landscape design of the site on the slope may look unusual and even fabulous. Height differences, stone, winding paths, terraces - all this only decorates the uneven area. Creating a personal landscape on such land, it is worth considering the peculiarities of the area.
Features uneven area
The slope of the plot is not a vice, but a great way to arrange everything rather nontrivially. This project in its incarnation is significantly different from the arrangement of a flat plot of land.
Upgrading the slope includes the following features:
- Complex drainage system;
- Mandatory strengthening of the slopes;
- An extensive network of tracks and steps;
- Careful selection of plants;
- Multitasking layout.
Plot with elevation differences equip much more expensive than its counterpart with a flat surface. But such lands in the end look more interesting and more harmonious than standard land plots.
If you plan to engage in gardening, select a place on the site where the slope is the highest, and make there terraces. This will be the best solution to the problem of light and shade for cultivated plants.
Terracing is the main technique in the design of this site. It is the terraces that help to visually smooth out the height differences, give the overall look of the landscape refinement.
Strengthening the slopes with your own hands
By inheritance got a cottage on the slope? Do not despair, but just properly strengthen the slopes. And your plot is transformed. To reinforce sloping earthen surfaces with your own hands, you can use the following instruction:
- Clean the area of the slope from the plants;
- Remove the top layer with a spade or similar tool;
- Select material to reinforce. Biomats, geogrids, stones, logs, gabions are good options for creating side supports;
- Place the reinforcing material on the sides of the slope;
- Pour the gaps between the strengthening material of the earth and small pebbles;
- Plant plants with a branchy and deep root system, which is suitable rocky soil.
The slope, which is ready to be strengthened, can be planted with small fruit trees and shrubs, thus breaking the garden where space is required.
Never plant tall trees on an unstable slope; in a strong wind they can be twisted out of the ground with their roots.
If the percentage of inclination of the uneven place exceeds 8-10 degrees, dig in the base of the reinforcing material as deep as possible. For large slopes, the deepening under fortifications can reach one meter.
Preparation for the landscape transformation of the site begins with the measurement of the location of groundwater. You also need to know the total angle of inclination of the earth, you will need to find out the composition of the soil. When planning the work, one should take into account the light orientation of the slope. Take into account the direction of wastewater.
When all the parameters are measured, you can begin to prepare a place for embedding reinforcing materials. Perform the layout of the terraces, arches and other elements of street decor.
Ways to strengthen the slopes
The choice of the method of strengthening the slope depends on the degree of inclination of the selected location. If the degree of inclination does not exceed 10%, then the hilly terrain can be strengthened with the help of plants and trees. When the degree of slope approaches 45%, lawn grids, nets, gabions and logs are used. Bias greater than 45%? Then you should use stones, concrete blocks, metal struts.
Small irregularities are strengthened with the help of steps and wooden flooring. In the event that a country house is located on the bank of a river or other reservoir, it will be necessary to fill its border with earth. And on the slope, plant as many trees and plants as possible to prevent landslides.
Mountains form a fairly stable natural landscape. Therefore, the strengthening of such a site is reduced to a simple decoration. Here the designer can advise the layout according to the natural curves of the plot. Since the rock is difficult to process.
A ladder of slabs or planks is usually pulled through the entire section to the house in case of a large degree of incline. When the slope is small, it is interspersed with flat areas where you can place gazebos or a children's corner.
The sloping section is always treated with drainage systems. Since without them on it will form a zone of flooding at the bottom, and arid islands above.
A good idea to strengthen the slope with pallets. This option is a budget, and the way to install them is quite simple. In addition, pallets are easy to replace if the need arises.
Slope Drainage Systems
Creating a drainage system - an important step in the arrangement of the site on a slope. Due to the drainage layer, water causes much less damage to the soil, and many substances useful for plants remain in their places. Consider the methods of drainage in more detail:
|Open system||The water here flows through the gutters on the surface. With this system, you can arrange ponds, small waterfalls and fountains. This method has aesthetic value.|
|Closed system||It is a tube with slots that are laid underground. The system saves space, better preserves the integrity of the upper soil layers.|
The choice of system depends on the preferences of the owners of the site, as well as on the composition of the soil and its density. Internal drainage is needed in light sandy layers, while external drainage is ideal for rocky terrain.
For any kind of drainage system can be used plastic, metal and rubber gutters. Metal will be a long-playing project that will last for a long time. Rubber has a shorter service life, but its flexibility allows you to save on additional materials for the arrangement. Plastic is considered the least durable, but it is quite affordable.
Drainage pipes during routing are placed not only in the ground, but also carried out through reinforcing material. So water is guaranteed to accumulate where its location is most appropriate.
Walkways and steps
The tracks on the slope are designed to emphasize or reduce the steepness of the slope. The path serpentine will enhance the visual effect of elevation changes. And linear paths will smooth out sharp drops and uneven ground.
The steps in the design of the sloping area make radial or sinuous. On the grounds, the ground is leveled between them in order to place a brazier, swing, or other rest facilities there.
For the harmonious appearance of the slope, all the steps and paths should be made uniform in width. So the prospect of the site will look much better.
When the slope of the slope is strong and steep, the stairs will be equipped with railings, as well as lanterns. This technique improves the overall safety of the sloped area. Materials for stairs and tracks should not be slippery or uneven.
Features of plant selection
Most of the plants on the slope are deficient in sun and moisture. But the following representatives not only strengthen the inclined surface, but also perfectly adapt to the difficult external conditions:
- Verbeinik is a plant with long and branched roots. Not afraid of blackouts, quickly takes the area provided to him;
- Ground cover roses are flowers with gorgeous buds and creeping over the surface. For their landing choose the southern slopes;
- Rhododendron is an option for the north side of the site. Easily tolerates small waterlogging. Sits in the lowlands. The rhizomes of the plant perfectly fasten the soil;
- Veronica - the grass that creates the Inca turf. It has several varieties, it is not whimsical in the care;
- Phlox is an option that will enhance the aesthetics of any site. Does not like excessive moisture, requires landing on the sunny side;
- Wrinkled rose - a plant that can be rooted deep into 2.5 meters. This type of rose grows great width.
Picking up plants for this type of plot, it is worthwhile to opt for ground cover perennials that grow quite aggressively, forming offspring and branches.
Trees on the slope can be planted any. The tallest trees are placed in the lowlands, and the more stunted ones are planted above.
The northern slope of the earth is ideal for planting conifers, which do not need a lot of sun, but moisture and shade will come in handy.
The southern slope is the area where rockeries and flowerbeds will feel right in their place. There are sun-drought-resistant plants.
The western side is suitable for bulbous primroses. It is worth putting plants and shrubs there that need mild environmental conditions.
The East will shelter Badan, aquilegia and astilbe on its slopes. Even there it is possible to arrange similar plants, as well as trees: linden, oak, lilac, acacia.
Landscaping rules on a plot with a slope
When the house is at the top of the plot, all major groups of trees are planted there. Bottom is decorated with ornamental shrubs, rockeries, undersized trees.
For rock arias perfectly suited juniper, saxifrage and perennial flowers. All tracks laid out on the site, should be done with narrow sides.
All tall buildings, trees and shrubs should not visually overlap the view of the house in the middle or at the top of the plot. A smooth transition from large plants to low peers will help smooth the impression of the steepness of the slope. The abundance of tracks, arranged as a serpentine, on the contrary, will emphasize a large bias even more.
To admire the views, a terrace for relaxation is best done at the top of the site. If you are supposed to rest in the shade, then the lowland and the northern slope are a great option for arranging.
All waterfalls, small lakes and ponds are located below. Usually, such a body of water occupy a standard dacha weave. Sometimes it is made narrow, but, more often, give a rounded shape. Precinct yard do, where is the entrance to the site. From the courtyard, small paths are lowered down to improve the overall landscape of the slope.
Landscape design on a hillside is a matter that is best entrusted to professionals, since this option is considered the most difficult among other types of garden design. The sloping plot can eclipse all the most interesting variations of the landscape on a flat surface, you just have to make a little effort.